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What Is The Best Safety Razor [Double Edge]? Newly Updated For 2024

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“What is the best safety razor?” I get the question all the time. Unfortunately there isn’t an easy answer: the market is growing, changing and offering more choices than ever before. This is an update to a continuing series on Sharpologist!

Contents – Skip To

The List Of The Best (Double Edge) Safety Razors!


Criteria For The Best Safety Razor

Razor Price Ranges

New vs. Used vs. Vintage

Open Comb vs. Safety Bar

Three Piece vs. two Piece vs. One Piece

Set Gap vs. Adjustable

Slant Razors

What About Double Edge Razor Blades?

So What Is The Best Safety Razor (Of The Double Edge Variety)?

What’s the best safety razor? It depends on what you are looking for. Here is the summary and a ton of background information follow–feel free to browse Sharpologist for safety razor reviews of both popular and niche’ products.

Some links go to a “choice page” with a number of purchase alternatives. Amazon, Henson, Smallflower, Tatara, and West Coast Shaving links are affiliate. Here are picks broken down by intended use:

  • Best Low Cost (Under About US $15) Razor: Lord L6 – This is a very lightweight (about 50 grams) aluminum handle razor that is not balanced particularly well. Quality control could definitely be better, with weak points being the chrome plating and the top cap screw thread. But customers generally praise its middle-of-the-road shave characteristics (comparatively smooth and comfortable): the L6 can provide a close shave without causing irritation or redness. And it has a longer handle than many other very low cost alternatives (about 4 inches, though the diameter of the handle is smaller than other long handle razors), which could be beneficial to those with larger hands.
  • Best Safety Razor For Beginners: Merkur 23C. The handle is long, which can be good if you have big hands, but is lighter and has a smaller diameter which is may not be good if you have big hands.  It’s reasonably well constructed (though the top cap threaded screw is a weak point in the design).  The shave is entirely “middle of the road,” and finding the “sweet spot” angle is easy, which will be fine for most people. The Merkur 23C is a good, solid, all-around razor.
  • Best “Popular” Safety Razor: Merkur “Heavy Classic” 34c. The Merkur 34C (also known as the “HD,” “Heavy Duty,” or “Heavy Classic”) is practically a legend in the old school wet shaving community. There may be “better” razors now, but not too long ago (early 2000’s) it was pretty much “the only game in town” for someone looking for a new, well-built, double edge razor (for the record, the current design has been around since at least the mid 1960’s and previous designs go back further). While other razors are making significant inroads (particular the King C. Gillette and the Henson) it is still very popular.
  • Best Mild Razor: Henson Shaving AL13. The design and engineering of the AL13 is exceptional. The “standard” AL13 is very mild; a “Medium” version is also available for those wanting a little more aggressiveness. Shaving with the AL13 for the first time might be a little odd for the shaver who has used other double edge razors: the angle at which it is held is different. But once that angle is “locked in” most find the shaves excellent.
  • Best Open Comb Razor: Parker open comb razors, the 24C and the 26C (differing only in handle design. Both shave very well and are not overly-aggressive). Manufacturing and “fit and finish” of these two razors are excellent.  The grip on these razors, while different for each model, is really nice. 
  • Best Aggressive Razor: Muhle R41 (there is also the R41 Grande with a heavier handle and the R41 Twist two-piece version, but they all share the same very aggressive head design).
  • Best Continuously Adjustable Razor: Parker Variant.
  • Best Multi Base Plate Razor: Rockwell 6S.
  • Best “Slant” Style Razor: Parker Semi-Slant.
  • Best Safety Razor For Travel: Parker Travel Razor A1R.
  • Best “Price Is No Object” Premium Artisan Safety Razor: Wolfman Razors
  • “Best Bang For The Buck” Premium Razor: Razorock Game Changer
  • Best Reliable Vintage Razor: Gillette SuperSpeed, circa 1955.
    • Honorable mention: Schick Krona, circa 1965.


Multi-blade, pivoted cartridge razors that come from a few large multi-national companies are manufactured to a narrow set of specifications. Double-edge (DE) razors (and blades!) have a number of options to choose from. Lets look at some of the variables and see what stands out.

Note that the terms double edge razor, DE razor, and safety razor are essentially interchangeable in the context of this article.

This article is especially aimed at the newcomer to “old school” wet shaving, though even experienced wet shavers will probably find some good nuggets of information. These are not the only products of course. If you know of a good DE razor not listed here be sure to mention it in a comment! All the prices in this article are in U.S. dollars and approximate.

Criteria For The Best Safety Razor

Here are what I consider the best safety razor in several different categories (with honorable mentions). This is based on:

  • The experience of Sharpologist editors, contributors, and readers who have actually purchased and used the razor as well as research of various specialty internet forums and blogs.
  • Reputation of the manufacturer and the general quality control of the razor’s production;
  • Length of time on the market;
  • Razor’s general availability, stability of design, and popularity;
  • Razor’s over-all value (quality vs. price).

Remember the old adage, “Your Mileage May Vary!” I was not paid by any manufacturer for these recommendations.

Price Range

Probably the most obvious variable is going to be price–there’s no sense looking for something you can’t afford. I have seen new DE razor prices range from under US $10 to well over $400. Prices for many popular DE razors had generally been dropping but supply chain issues have seen them start to rise again.

Low End

The low end (under about US $20 or so) DE razor market has been flooded with razors from the Pakistan and China. Many of these safety razors have dubious quality control. Some brands simply purchase these razors, add their own logo and resell them at a substantial mark-up: this range is seeing more than its share of sketchy marketers, especially on Amazon.

There are some acceptable inexpensive DE razors–here is an article with some inexpensive safety razor reviews. They probably won’t become heirlooms for the grand kids but they should get you started with if you are on a budget. The under $20 range offers some reasonable products, including Baili series imported from the Far East, the Lord razor from Egypt, the all plastic Wilkinson Sword, the mostly-plastic Feather Popular, and the all (light) metal Weishi. Many of the lower-cost Maggard razors are also well-regarded.

Mid-Range (Most Popular)

The $30-$60 price range is where you will start seeing the more popular, better-made razors (though as just mentioned there are some over-priced examples too). Probably the most recognized models and the best safety razor brands in this range are the Edwin Jagger (EJ), Merkur, Muhle, and Parker razors.

Some other names that are getting more well-known for this price range include Fatip, RazoRock, and Phoenix Artisan Accoutrements. Even razor artisans who had previously been offering products at the upper end of the DE razor market seem to be recognizing the value of the price vs. performance ratio.

merkur hd razor

This is the range where you will find the enormously popular Merkur 34c (AKA “Heavy Duty,” “HD,” or “Heavy Classic,”) and Edwin Jagger DE89 series (differing only in the type of handle offered: the “lbl” handle variant appears to be the most popular but there are a wide variety of handle styles). These razors remain popular even with all the changes in the market over the past few years.

Click/tap here for my review of the Merkur 34c.

Click/tap here for my review of the Edwin Jagger DE89.

High-End And Premium Ranges

Above this price point is where you will find razors that are popular for reasons other than (or in addition to) performance. Different head styles (such as “slant” razors as discussed below), special features (including adjustable razors), and razors designed specifically for travel situations are examples of this category.

At the high end of the range ($200+) you will find the “premium” razors. Not too many years ago the Feather AS-D2 All Stainless Steel razor was considered the high-end DE razor. Now it’s practically “bargain basement” (for its class): the past couple of years have seen an explosion of artisan-made, luxury-priced razors with premium materials (like stainless steel or titanium. Most razors are made of chrome plated metal alloys) and special handle designs.

Some of the names often associated with excellent premium-priced razors include (in no particular order) Timeless, Charcoal Goods, Blackland, and Karve. RazoRock produces a stainless steel razor (the “Game Changer”) at a break-through price point.

The high end market of artisan-made razors has contracted a bit. There may be more supply than demand.

New vs. Used vs. Vintage

The next factor for finding the best DE razor is whether it is new, used, or vintage. A new razor is just that: in production, for sale, and not previously used. A used razor is one that is currently in production but has been used before. A vintage razor is one that is out of production (both used and “new old stock”–often referred to as NOS).

The previous section described popular new razors. You can get used versions of many of these same razors for probably around 75% of their new price–they generally hold their value pretty well. Resale prices for some artisan-made, premium razors can be insanely high–sometimes multiples of the razor’s original price. Vintage prices can be “all over the road” depending on condition and the seller’s knowledge (or lack of knowledge).

There are a number of sources for used or vintage razors, including local antique stores and flea markets (though availability at these places has dropped in recent years), internet auction sites, and buy/sell/trade sections of the internet shaving forums. Maybe even a forgotten razor in an older relative’s bathroom? Local stores have the advantage of having something you can see and feel–you are more likely to know to what you are getting.

Internet auction sites can be useful if you know what you’re doing and are looking for something very specific…though there is always the danger of seller shenanigans. The B/S/T areas on shaving forums are probably the place most likely to get a decent razor for a fair price. These areas sometimes have “PIF” offers as well: a user wanting to “Pay It Forward” by offering a razor at little or no cost to a new shaver, a member of the armed forces, or for some other reason.

Two excellent “vintage” DE razors include various versions of the Gillette SuperSpeed, and the Schick Krona–read How To Buy A Vintage Razor From Ebay for more information on what to look for when buying a vintage razor.

Double Edge Razor Construction: Open Comb vs. Safety Bar

best safety bar and open comb razors

Safety razors have heads that can be divided into two general groups: Open Comb and Safety Bar. Open Comb safety razors have obvious “teeth” that help guide heavy stubble and shaving cream into channels. Safety Bar (sometimes referred to as closed comb) razors have a solid (or scalloped) bar that provides some additional protection to the skin from the blade’s edge.

Generally, Open Comb razors will not be as gentle on the skin as safety bar razors (some notoriously so), though there are exceptions. Most older vintage razors will have an Open Comb. A few brands try to distinguish themselves in the market by offering razors with “hybrid” heads where, for example, one side of the razor’s head has an open comb and the other side has a safety bar.

Double Edge Razor Construction: Three Piece vs. Two Piece vs. One Piece (“Twist To Open” or “Butterfly”)

best safety razor razor designs

DE razors are typically constructed in one of three ways. A three piece razor is the classic” (and easiest to manufacture) type, consisting of a handle, a base plate, and a head or cap. An advantage of a three piece design is that you can sometimes “mix and match” the three pieces from different manufacturers, creating entirely new razors (you’ll sometimes see this referred to as a “Frankenrazor” after Frankenstein’s monster). A two piece razor has the base plate permanently mounted to the handle. A one piece “twist to open” (TTO) or “butterfly” safety razor was the type most common just before the ascent of modern cartridge razors: the Gillette SuperSpeed is the classic TTO.

Set Gap vs. Adjustable

best adjustable double edge safety razor options

The vast majority of razors have a set gap space, the distance between the razor blade’s edge and the razor’s skin safety bar: the amount of the gap distance is determined by the manufacturer for a particular model of razor. Generally speaking, Open Comb razors expose more of the blade to the skin, making for a more “aggressive” shave. But even razors with a safety bar can be aggressive: it’s all about the amount of blade exposed to the skin.

However an adjustable safety razor can change the gap to make them more gentle or more aggressive. There used to be few fully adjustable razors, such as the Parker Variant and the Merkur Futur, but others have entered the market–click/tap here to read my article about adjustable razors. There are also some vintage adjustable razors.

A variation of the adjustable razor design is the use of multiple base plates. The Rockwell 6S was the first modern DE razor to popularize this feature. These razors are not “adjustable” in the normal, continuously-adjustable sense, but rather they offer different base plates: each plate has a different amount of blade exposure set. Other manufacturers are picking up on this theme, offering different base plate options with some razors.

“Slant” Razors

What is a slant razor? Think of it like a mini-guillotine for stubble. Held at an asymmetrical blade exposure by design, the slant is meant to offer a more efficient cutting angle for a DE blade which can give a closer shave more quickly. The design has been around for at least 70 years, but as the DE razor lost popularity beginning in the 1970’s, most slants also vanished from the market. This niche’ was beginning to re-assert itself a couple years ago, but the demand for them apparently did not justify continued artisan interest and there are fewer options available today.

What About The Best Safety Razor Blades – A Further Caution To The Beginner


No discussion about the best DE razor would be complete without mentioning blades. Many beginners think “a blade is a blade” and while DE blades may all look similar there can actually be fairly significant differences in the way a blade is made. Metallurgy (the metal or combination of metals used to make the blade), coatings, and grinding specifications (the blade’s “sharpness”) can all play a part in the razor blade production process.

So take the time to try a number of different blade brands to find the one(s) that work best for the razor you’re using (your skin, the mineral content of the water you’re using, and the shave lather you’re using play parts too). Even if you are already using a DE razor you may need to do some additional blade experimentation if you buy another DE. It will made a difference in your shaving experience.

Some shaving vendors sell “sample packs” or “blade samplers” to make the process easier: you get a few blades of many different types. After you decide which one(s) work best you can then buy your favorites in bulk, saving a ton of money!

A Final Note

Shaving with a DE razor — even the best safety razor — is not quite like shaving with a modern pivoted cartridge razor: you can’t just take mindless swipes at your face and expect a smooth shave, especially if you have sensitive skin. You have to learn a new skill set (and possibly unlearn some bad habits) to use a DE razor properly. It’s not a terribly difficult skill to pick up but there is a learning curve. And like learning to ride a bike or play a musical instrument some will pick it up more quickly than others. Luckily, I have a few videos to help you out!

Over to you! What do you think? (Find this article useful? Be sure to share it!)


Shave tutor and co-founder of sharpologist. I have been advocating old-school shaving for over 20 years and have been featured in major media outlets including The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and Lifehacker. Also check out my content on Youtube, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and Pinterest!View Author posts

25 thoughts on “What Is The Best Safety Razor [Double Edge]? Newly Updated For 2024”

  1. Gotta wonder why Rockwell is not included. They are so wonderful, especially the 6S. I have yet to find a blade that does not work well in it. Very hard to cut oneself. And the craftsmanship and build quality are top notch.

  2. thanks for the great article! i need an article with the top 5 or top 10 aggressive razors like the yaqi helmet and etc. do you have these recommendations? thanks

  3. I’m in the process of taking notes after each shave, noting the razor, blade, comfort, and closeness so I can better contemplate the shaves. It’s too soon for me to make any meaningful comparis0ns, but the Razorock Superslant and the Muhler R41 are up there, along with the Razorock German 37 slat.

  4. Calling something like razors for “The Best”, is pretty stupid, as it is up to the individual on how their technique is… You can take the cheapest razor and make good use of it, or take the most expensive one and make the worst with it, so there definitely isn’t such a thing as “The Best”, it’s like calling a “Perfume” for the best, or an instrument, nonsense

  5. I still recon you can’t beat the Rockwell S6, for what it offers & delivers shaving wise from mild to wild it unbeatable. It would be great if Rockwell made an S6 type single blade Razor later on sometime.

  6. After getting back to shaving with a DE safety razor these are my choices. After trying and using several DE safety razors my favorite is the Yates 921-M. My preferred blades are Parker….Derby Premium…..Gillette Wilkinson Sword. The Parker blade is my all around favorite.

  7. Of course, I believe, philosophically, that the best razor is the one you enjoy using at the moment. Still, with 50 years shaving experience here, I’m now convinced the Gillette Old Type is the absolute perfect razor as far as shaving performance. The manufacturing (the handle) was less than good in the long run, but nowadays a replica handle fixes that for a user.

  8. Can’t say I agree with the selection of the 34C over the DE89. I could not, for the life of me, get a good shave from my 34C and usually left me with razor burn; I sold it. My DE89, while milder than I like, delivers consistently decent shaves.

    As for the Henson… the medium was my first DE and still gets regular use even with my now 60+ collection. They also make a so-called “aggressive” +++ in aluminum, but they don’t sell the aluminum +++ on their site – you have to buy it through specialty stores like Razor Emporium or The Razor Company. I have the V1 version and really like it!

    1. Thanks for your comments. I wasn’t aware of the Henson +++ availability, I need to add that to Sharpologist’s Henson review.

  9. My vote goes to the Henson razor. I have used several high end razors, Cobra classic, Weber, One Blade, Leaf, Merkur Slant,etc.. The Henson mild gives me the smoothest 3 pass shave I have experienced.

  10. I’m a recent cartridge convert and am extremely happy with Hensen’s AL13 in both Mild and Medium (+ and ++). These are very easy to learn to use, and at least for me there has been no penalty for poor technique except uncut whiskers.

  11. Great article. I purchased a Timeless .95 about 2 ½-3 years ago. I had a rotation with about 4 razors. For the past year, I’ve only used the Timeless. It’a a remarkable razor in every way. Construction, quality of shave, soooo smooth, aesthetics. I’ve often thought of other razors as “this is the one” only to change my mind. Not with the Timeless. It’s name is fitting!

  12. I was interested to see that the Merkur 34C is the most popular razor. In my experience, the Mühle/Edwin Jagger head design is noticeably better (and certainly that head design is widely copied). Perhaps the use of the Mühle/EJ head on many different models results in no single model having the market presence of the older 34C.

    Full disclosure: I did initially use the 34C — in part because it was the standard recommendation. However, when EJ made the switch to from the Merkur head design to the new design jointly developed with Mühle, I found that new design to be more comfortable and efficient than the 34C. That’s not surprising, of course since obviously EJ would want to design a razor head better than the one they had been using. Otherwise, what’s the point?

    1. As I note in the article ‘popular’ does not necessarily equal ‘better.’ I did take the different EJ/Muchle handles into account while I was gathering the data.

    1. Wolfman was an excellent razor but new inventory has been…sporadic. I don’t want to list a razor you can never buy.

  13. It was a great article. Although you nentioned the Mühle R41, as the best aggressive razor, you neglected to mention the variants of the R41, namely the R101 and R102. The R101 and R102 have different handles, but the same R41 head.

  14. Mark As always nice work. Gillette made Super Speed razors, I am thinking from 1940s until 1980s. You say the best Super Speed is 1955. I was wondering why that year?
    Thanks Fred

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